All men admit clan Gregor to be the purest branch of the ancient race of Scotland now in existence. - true descendents, in short, of the native Celtic stock of the country, and unmixed by blood with immigrants either of their own or of any other race. About this point there is no dispute; and the name of clan Alpine, commonly adopted by them for centuries, would almost alone suffice to prove their descent from the Albiones, the first known inhabitants of Scotland. Condensed from "Clans of the highlands of Scotland", Thomas Smibert, 1850.
Come With Me
On A Voyage of Discovery
To A World Of The Past
Where Our Ancestors
Carved Out An Empire
At The Edge Of The Known World
And Called It
All descendents of North Britain, come with me to an age of migrating peoples, a time when Celtic tribes were moving westwards and southwards out of their ancestral homelands in central Europe onto the Atlantic coastal plains, and over the sea to a new land.
A land where they would find sanctuary.
A land they could call their own, defend it from Roman legions, Germanic hordes and Giant Vikings.
A land that would carry their names down through a turbulent history to the present day.
Let us see the ways our Celtic forbears carried their unique names into Breton, Wales, Ireland and Albann.
Without prejudice and fear, we will discover the family names of north Britain that owe their lineage directly to a once mighty people, a people who defeated the Roman armies sent to destroy them.
A people who wiped out two magnificent lines of defence against them that could have been seen from outer space. A people who sent the Romans packing, a people who left Roman London a smoking ruin, a people who, under the great King, Onnust, carved out an empire from Ulster to Lothian, from the Shetlands to Northumbria.
These are a people who you and I should not be hesitant to call our own.
These people were the Picts and - -
THEY ARE US
The Beaker People
About 3,500 BC, someone in Europe discovered that if a small quantity of tin was heated and mixed with copper, a harder metal was formed. The word spread quickly, the Bronze age had arrived. In Britain, the Bronze age is traced back to about 3,000 BC. The people who brought it are called the "Beaker people" from the clay pots they buried with their dead.
They spread northwards until they reached the Orkney and Shetland islands. This Bronze age lasted about 1500 years in Britain. The civilization in Scotland that resulted from this immigration is called "Orcadian", and was centered in the Orkney islands sanctuary. They developed a language unique in the world which was not related to any other known language group, although they did have some peculiar Germanic characteristics, such as pronouncing UU as FE.
Later, as the land became more crowded, bronze was used to make weapons of war. Greek traders arrived about 600 BC, and developed a thriving tin trade between Continental Europe, Ireland and north Britain. Local inhabitants were impressed with Greek culture, and began naming their children after Greek legendary heroes. Better weapons were made, and society became militarized.
About 700 BC, the first Celts went across the English channel from Europe. These were the more advanced 'LaTene' Celts, and they spoke a P-Celtic dialect. They were armed with bronze swords and axes, but later they switched to iron. They were fierce conquerors, and through their skills at fashioning iron weapons, they dominated every sort pf people they came across. They were organized into tribes which were enlarged family units. Their warriors loved fighting, and they were proud of their skills in war.
Elsewhere, they had conquered everything before them, including Rome, Athens and all of western Europe. However, here in the far north of Britain, they encountered their equal. The strongest tribe of non-Celts were named the "Caledonians" by the Romans. Tacitus, Roman Governor of Britain, Agricola's, son-in-law, wrote "The Caledonians rode chariots pulled by small ponies, The Celtic Britons were their infantry." The Caledonians were described as being "long-limbed with reddish hair, reminiscent of the Germans".
So, if Tacitus is to be believed at all, these Caledonians (later included in the more general term, 'Picts'), were the masters, not the subjects of the North Britain Iron age Celts. Actually, contrary to Tacitus's reports, it now appears that the Caledonians and the Britons merely united in a temporary alliance to fight off the Roman legions sent to destroy them.
Agricola, conquered the Celtic kingdoms in Strathclyde and Gododdin, then used them as a buffer to fend off the more aggressive Caledonians. He built the Antonnine Wall to keep the Celtic areas safe from attack, but it didn't work, so that wall was eventually abandoned in favour of Hadrian's Wall which was roughly along the present day border between Scotland and England. This left the north Britons at the mercy of the Caledonians. They don't appear to have suffered.
Nevertheless, by 300 AD, P-Celtic had replaced the more primitive Orcadian language in every corner of Albann, even to the Shetland islands, although the resulting hybrid P-Celtic/Orcadian dialect remained unique with several Orcadian characteristics remaining in general usage, especially in the far north. The Welsh language in Wales became very similar to that of the north Britons, after a Roman-sponsored mass migration of Celts from Gododdin to Wales beginning about 200 AD.
Who Were the Various Celtic peoples?
The Bretons (Breizh) were a unique race called the Brythonic Celts, who claimed the northwest of Gaul for their own. They originated in South Wales (later Cornwall). They fled south-west Britain in the face of hostile aggressive Germanic hordes (Angles, Jutes and Saxons) who invaded Britain in the fifth century AD. They went to the Roman-governed province of Amoricae in Gaul. They maintained their culture and their destiny in the face of Roman atrocities, and later Germanic hordes of Franks. They expanded their horizons to new lands across the sea they still call "Mor Breizh". They persist and flourish today in the face of draconian French laws designed to eradicate their language and their way of life. They spoke (and still speak) a language called 'Brezhoneg' which persists in four local dialects.
The Britons were descendents of the Celtic peoples who sailed across the channel to claim Britain as their own beginning about 700BC. They would maintain their Celtic culture in places like Wales (Cymru), Cornwall (Kernow), Strathclyde and Gododdin in Albann long after Roman legions had left Britain. They spoke dialects of P-Celtic.
Have they disappeared from mainland Britain, and were they displaced by the Germanic Angles, Jutes, and Saxons who came later? The answer was scientifically answered recently when bones of inhabitants in southern England 2,000 years ago (when Celts still ruled all Britain) were unearthed, and were found to be absolutely identical to present day inhabitants of those same areas.
The Gaels were Hallstatter-type Celts who had previously swept through western Europe, then south along the Atlantic coast, and seized the northern part of the Iberian peninsula from the Carthaginians. From there, they ventured north from the Basque country, across the open Atlantic to southern Ireland, where they settled the southern three-quarters of that island. Their unique form of old Celtic became known as Q-Celtic or Gaelic.
The Picts were the northern-most race in Britain. They comprised an unknown mixture of stone-age Iberians who entered Britain about 7,000 BC, (b) the "Beaker" peoples, who entered Britain about 3,000 BC, and (c) P-Celts, who began to enter Britain about 700 BC. A Sept of the MacGregors, the Fletchers, have a tradition they were the first to draw water in Argyle. Considering the above, there is more than enough evidence to indicate that claim is likely true.
The Cruithne were an adventurous group of Picts who decided to settle in Northern Ireland about 300 BC. They were given a Q-Celtic name by the Irish Gaels, which was originally a P-Celtic name; "Prydyn" . They formed a confederation called the "Uliad", and fought a long series of conflicts with nearby inhabitants of Ireland for living space in what is now called Ulster. They spoke P-Celtic which eventually was assimilated by the Q-Celtic of surrounding inhabitants.
The Scots were north-west Gaels in Ireland who began raiding Roman settlements of mainland Britain along the Irish sea coast about 400 AD, when the Romans started reducing their military presence in Britain. The Romans gave them a derisive slang; 'Scotti', which was derived from the Irish term 'Scoilt' meaning to split, divide, or cause a rift. Therefore, the term literally meant 'people who plunder', and it stuck. They intermingled with the Cruithne, and eventually developed strong family connections with Pict Royalty in Albann.
The Scots had a fiery temperament and often quarreled amongst themselves, and with others. This led to some Scots fleeing to the western coast of Albann (now Argyle) when the situation became to hot for them in Ireland. They called their new home 'Dalriada' which now and then was ruled directly by the Albann Kings. At other times, they managed to break the Pict yoke and challenged the central authority. They spoke a Gaelic which gradually became infiltrated with some P-Celtic. Today there is a modern Irish language, and a Scottish Gaelic language. The difference between the two was the influence the P-Celtic/Orcadian language had on the Scots.
St. Andrews finds a resting place in Alban
Saint Andrew was one of the twelve disciples of Jesus Christ. After the death of Jesus, the disciples spread out to Asia minor to preach the new Gospel. Like Jesus, he was crucified for spreading dangerous ideas. Andrew asked that he be crucified on a cross different than that of Jesus as he considered he was not worthy of the cross of Jesus. This request was honoured when he was crucified on a saltire cross. His body was interred in Patrae, Greece.
Four hundred years later, the Christian ruler of the Eastern Roman Empire ordered Saint Andrew's relics be brought to Constantinople. The keeper of the saint's remains was a man called Regulus.
Regulus had a strange dream the previous night when he was visited by an Angel who told him to take the Saint's remains to the edge of the known world and build a church there.
Regulus obeyed the Angel, and carried the bones across Europe to a far off land called Caledonia. He landed at Mucros in AD732, where he and his companions set up a church, eventually becoming a magnificent stone Cathedral, called Saint Andrews.
It was a proud and very unusual boast for a small country on the edge of Europe to be the resting place of one of the twelve Apostles. Soon, Saint Andrew took on a special meaning to the Picts and he became their patron saint.
Pict Symbols Remain Scotland's Forever
Elsewhere in Scotland, around Glasgow, the Gospel was brought independently by Kentigern. He was a Briton (of Strathclyde), and there was very little contact among the Christian streams, British, Irish or Celtic. At this time, there were three main cultural strains in Scotland: the Picts, the Scots and the Germanic Angles, and the new religion did little to bring them together. In future centuries, religion was to become a source of conflict between the Scottish/English.
The Britons were already driven out of Northumbria by the Angles & Saxons, and sought refuge in Strathclyde, under the protection of the Picts, and to a lesser extent, in Wales.
In AD761, the Picts were fighting the northward expanding Saxons of Northumbria in a life or death struggle. On the eve of battle, the great Pict king, Onnust, had a dream where he had a vision of Saint Andrew carrying his white Saltire cross with a bright blue sky in the background..
The next day, near the village of Athelstaneford in East Lothian, as the battle began, the blue sky overhead parted revealing a white saltire cross. The Picts were joyous and the Saxons were stunned by the apparition. The Picts won a great victory. From then on, the Saltire cross became the symbol of the Picts.
Even when the Pict Kingdom ended, and Scotland became a Scot/Pict dual crown Kingdom, and later a Norman/Saxon monarchy, even later a union with England, the fame of Saint Andrew was such that he remained the patron saint of all Scotland. The white saltire cross on a blue background (symbolizing Onnust's dream) remains the Scottish national flag to this day.
Early in the 11th century a raiding party of Vikings attacked a castle in Albann. They came by night and took off their footwear to be as quiet as possible. Reaching the castle moat, they jumped in to swim across. To their surprise, the moat held not water, but thistles. Their shouts of pain awoke the defenders of the castle, who rushed out, and the Vikings fled.
Despite this old tale, the thistle is not as old a sign as is the Saltire cross. The first time a thistle was used as a special emblem of Scotland was in the time of King James III, in the 15th century. The Saltire had already been in use for more than five hundred years.
Relations between the Scots and the Picts:
In their new homeland (Dalriada), the Scots formed their own little Kingdom (which was accessible mainly by the sea). The Picts far outnumbered them, and at times threatened to wipe them out. A few times, the Picts actually conquered little Dalriada, only to later allow it to be self-governing. Sometimes, a Pict King would appoint one of his sons as King of Dalriada.
The Picts had a great respect for Iona, the place in Dalriada where St. Columba established the centre of Christian learning on the British mainland for over a hundred years. (The Picts became Christians before the English).
When other races invaded north Britain, such as the Vikings and German Saxons, the Briton Celts were slaughtered or driven out. Saxons displaced the Celts every where they encountered them. However, the Scots and Picts shared similar Celtic values. Their languages were not that different, and they respected each other, and often intermarried. When they joined forces, they did very well in defeating their adversaries.
From the beginning of their peculiar relationship, the Scots tended to take Pict wives, and so gradually formed alliances with certain Pict families of influence. Their relationship alternated between friendship, tolerance, respect and acrimony, according to whether they needed each other in their mutual fear of a far more dangerous foe from the north, the fearsome heathen giant Norse and Danish Vikings.
Meanwhile, Scots and Picts continued intermarrying until it was hard to distinguish who was who, especially in higher circles. The great Pict King, Onnust, was the first monarch on record to rule both the Picts and Scots and northern Ireland. Onnust is remembered for three things, he created the Scottish national flag, he secured the southern border, and his name was enshrined forever in the English language as the epitome of trustworthiness, "Honest".
With increasingly devastating raids by the Norsemen on Pict settlements, it would merely be a matter of time before a half-Scot/half-Pict would claim the two crowns of Alban and Dalriada. Even though the combined population was 90% Pict and 10% Scot, a weakened Pict establishment offered the crown to Kenneth MacAlpin, the first male-descended Scot to actually rule in that capacity. Nevertheless, the Scottic monarchy had to cater to the 90% majority of Picts.
Kenneth's father, Alpin, had seized the dual crown in a treacherous manoeuvre by attacking a weakened Pict army during the holiest day of the year, Easter. Shortly thereafter, he was publicly beheaded in a traditional Pict ceremony of retribution.
Kenneth's claim was justified because his grandmother and mother were both Pict Princesses, and his father had been a (minor) King of Dalriada. Kenneth had a Pict first and family name as Kinnid (Kenneth) and Ailpenn (Alpin) which were both of ancient P-Celtic origin.. He was raised under the influence of his Pict mother so he thought more as a Pict than as a Scot. He did not challenge the Pict church's grip on ecclesiastic power, and it was not until the last 100% Pict King, Grig MacDungal, assumed the throne, that the Scottic church was granted official equality with the much larger Pict church.
After Grig's death, the title of the monarchy was changed from the Latin "Rex Pictorum" to the Pict "Ri Albainn" (which was unintelligible to anyone but the Picts), and that title was maintained until after the death of MacBeth, the last of the Picto/Scottic line of Kings.
The Mormaerdoms - A way for the Scottish monarchy to appease Pict areas of Albann.
The Mormaers were literally "great mayors" in P-Celtic, the language all the Picts spoke after 300AD, although they were, in effect, local governors, and were officially the highest noble rank under the King. After the High King became supreme with the unification of the northern and southern Picts and the Scots of Dal-Riada, local Kings were replaced with appointed Mormaers in seven Pict jurisdictions: Angus, Fife, Lennox, Moray, Ross, Galloway and Strathearn. This represented a political concession to the Pict majority on behalf of the Scot/Pict King but was necessary to maintain peace in the Kingdom.
"Maer" was a Pict name handed down from Gaulish times, and today remains the Welsh name for Mayor but not the Scottish Gaelic name. Interestingly, the Scottish Gaelic word for mayor is baile. . Maer is not in the Gaelic or Irish dictionaries. This alone proves the Mormaers were a Pict institution, although Scottish historical records pretend it was a Scottish invention. The Mormaers were most often chosen from the same petty Pict families who ruled those areas before the central authority began exercising greater power.
In theory, although not always in practice, a Mormaer was second only to the King. The first Mormaers were selected by the King, and officially represented him in all things they did. Although, the Mormaers quickly became hereditary based. Succeeding Kings needed the Mormaers to maintain control over local populations, and to serve as listening posts to gain popular sentiment. When the Line of Kings became effectively a Scottish-led oligarchy, the Mormaers remained until a more centralized monarchy became a reality.
(a) The Pict Mormaerdom of Moray was dissolved by King David I in 1130 AD.
(b) After the Picto/Scottish Kings were usurped by Norman/Saxons, the Gaelic language of court lost out to Franco/Scottish-English. The title "Mormaer" was Germanized to "Earl" in the 14th century AD, and the Earl of Lennox, was executed by James 1st in 1406 AD for high treason.
(c) The Pict Mormaers of Fife, the MacDuffs, were the highest ranking nobles in Scotland. They frequently held the office of Justiciar of Scotland, and enjoyed the right of crowning the King, they had the right to lead the Royal armies in battle, and they had the right of sanctuary from the law with a Royal pension at their Fife Castle. Hence, in 1385, the Earl of Fife was called capitalis legis de Clenmcduffe =(Lord of the Law of the Children of Macduff). This lordship existed until its last Earl, Murdoch (Muireadhach), Duke of Albany, was executed in 1425 by the Norman, James I for high treason.
Interestingly, the clan Duff originated from aboriginal/Pict tales of the dark fairy "Dhuibh Shìth" who was by tradition the first to cross the threshold in the new year. Alternative spellings for MacDuff were MacDuffie, MacPhee, MacFie and Macafie. They are generally considered the oldest clan in Scotland, and originally were allied with the MacGregors, until that Clan was proscribed.
Contrary to popular belief, several monarchs after Kenneth MacAlpine, were actually Picts from the old Pict heartland of Moray and Fife. Clearly, the Scotto-Pict line of Kings had a genuine nostalgia towards the Pict majority and its glorious history, however this sentiment was entirely lacking in their Anglo/Norman successors, who, on occasions, even resorted to mass expulsions of Pict clans from their ancestral homelands in the north.
WHATEVER HAPPENED TO THE PICTS?
If one believes the bias that flows from most books about the origin of the clans of Scotland, one could be excused for wondering what ever happened to the 90% majority which were the Picts. Did they all join the monasteries and die off, or did they mysteriously disappear into oblivion?
To answers these questions, one has to first understand that for a clan to admit they were Pict was not politically correct for hundreds of years. The Scottish establishment saw to it that the Picts were viewed as being backwards and ignorant. Pict achievements such as the defeat of the Romans, introduction of tartans, the clan system, the burning of London, the establishment of an Empire, were moot subjects, and were relegated to the trash heap of Scottish history.
The official government line was: Anything in Scotland that was positive was the creation of the 10% minority of Scots, and the 90% majority of Picts created nothing but chaos - so they started calling themselves Scottish.
It must be remembered that not until the 11th century, did families in Scotland begin using continuing surnames. Before that, a newborn was named according to the dreams and aspirations of its parents, or according to the family's naming traditions. The only way to trace a family's genealogy was to verbally pass that information on through the mothers, who were traditionally the repositors of family histories.
Scottish King after King forcibly transplanted Pict families from the north to the Welsh-speaking south and replaced them with Normans.
At this point, you should be asking yourself - Am I a descendent of the Picts?
Pict names tended to double up on consonants; e.g. "Nechtan" in Gaelic was translated from the original Pict name "Nehhtonn" which in turn, was translated from the Latin; 'Neptune'. The doubling up of consonants was to emphasize those sounds, so an "HH" would sound to a non-Pict like a hard "CH" or a "K". (Interestingly, some Gaelic accounts of this great King listed him as Nechtan, others as Neckton and others as Nekton). This penchant was utilized in almost every Pict word, making them very difficult for others to comprehend. Nehhtonn is remembered for two things, he built stone churches throughout Albann, and he forced the Pict (Columban) Church into subservience to the Roman Church. Because his reforms were unpopular, he was eventually forced to abdicate, and his alignment with Rome was abandoned by his successors.
They used a double "UU" in front of many names to denote an "FE" sound, a single "U" to denote an "E" (or an "I" sound), and a "P" to denote a "B" sound. Similar to Latin, the P-Celts denoted a "J" as a "Y" sound, and all "C"s were hard and sounded like a "K". Where old Gaelic was full of hard "CH"s and "TH"s, the Picts used "T" or "D" instead. The Picts never began a name with an "F", they would use a double "U". Similarly, they would replace a "C" with a "P" or a "B". The Gaels often changed a P Celtic "P" in a name to a Q Celtic "C" (eg. Erb became Erc).
There were two types of Pict names; One consisted of longer names derived from the ancient Orcadian culture. The second set was shorter and was influenced by the "P Celtic" establishment. The Picts were quick to pick up Greek, Latin and even Scandinavian names. They gave them their own shortened slants; eg. The old Gaulic name, Ambicatos, became Emcat. The Greek name, Diocletian, became Debecan, the Latin name, Augustus, became Onnust, and the Scandinavian name, Thor, became Talorg.
Well, the following chart will prove once and for all that many modern day families now spread throughout the world owe their genes and their namesake to the Picts, the vast majority when the Picts and Scots were united under one crown. Remember, the Picts preceded the Gaels in Scotland by 8,000 years.
TRANSLATION OF PICT NAMES INTO SIX LANGUAGES + THEIR MEANINGS
|Adiver||Gweltaz||Adiver||Achuir||Achillês||Achilles||Trojan war hero|
|Aleff||Yflam||Eflamm||Alis||Alasdair||Alcander||Alexander||Defender of man|
|Beatrix||Boyd||Boued||Bywyd||Beatha||Vîtalis||MacBeth, Bethune, Beaton||life|
|Breize||Breten||Breize||Breten||Brychan||Amoricae||Bryce||A Breton person|
|Brude||Melynenn||Bruz||Berwyn||Buidhe, Breth||Bridei||Brodie, Boyd, Bowie, Bryden||Yellow-haired|
|Budut||Bagas||Bydol||Buchan||Budanus||Buchan, Buchanan||Tribe of the land|
|Diocletian||MacLachlan, Lachie||Glory of Zeus|
|Derrell||Boel||Torrell||Cearbhall||Lignâtor||Terrell, Tyrrell, Daryl, Darryl, Carroll, Karl||Wood-cutter|
Donnelly, Donohue, Downey, MacDonnell, Donovan
|Drust||Taran||Drust||Taran||Drest||Tonãns||Theran, Tara, Theresa||Thunderer|
|Dugann||Kreser||Peoc'hour||Dyffl||Dufagan||Pácificus||MacDuff, MacPhee, Macafie, Dugan||Peacemaker|
|Dugall||Tewestren||Dugal||Dugwallt||Doughal||Fuscus-ignotus||Dougal, Doyle||Dark stranger|
|Duglass||Avonglas||Tywyllglas||Dùbhghlas||Fluvius-opacus||Douglas, Doug||Dark blue river|
|Eddarrnon||Koth||Koth||Hiroes||Ethernan||Validus||Ethanus||5th century Pict saint|
|Eoinn||Yowann||Yann||Ioan||Sean||Jonus||John||God is gracious|
|Enfred||Krev||Enfret||Nerthol||Eanfrith||Everild||Everet||Strong as a boar|
Dewer, Gerald, Jarrett
Garvan, Garner, Gary
|Girom||Growan||Gwell||Gwyr||Graeme||Grannus||Graham, Graeme||Gravel home|
|Gigurom||Gear, Gearey, Gere|
|Guiaire||Geryes||Enwogrhyfekwr||Guiaire||Nobilis||MacQuarrie, Godfrey||Famous warrior|
|Famulus||MacGill, Gillespie||Bishop's servant|
|MacGillivray, Ogilvie||Bright one|
|Kolouun||Koloven||Koloven||Colofn||Colbh, Caluim||Colún||Cal, Calvin, Coll, Cole||Pillar|
|Comghall||Connus||MacConnell||Strong as a wolf|
|Kalinn||Moen||Skanv||Tenau||Caolan||Gracilis||Kelan, Kyle, Kalin||Slender|
|Llann||Lann||Lann||Llan||Lorne||Alanis||Alan, Alana, Lana||Handsome|
|Llauen||Lowen||Lauenan||Llawen||Aoibhinn||Laaetus||Lorraine, Lowe, Laura||Cheerful|
|Llauder||Loes||Louet||Llwydd||Ravus||Lauder, Lloyd, Lois||Prosperous|
|Mabarth||Mathghamhain||Mathius||Matheson, Matthew||Son of the Bear|
|Tonsured servant of St. John (Celtic)|
|Morur||Martolod||Martolod||Morwr||Moireach||Moravia||Murray, Moir, Moray||Men of the sea|
|Morleo||Meriadeg||Meriadeg||Arwrol||Heroicus||Galbraith, Morgan||Heroic, Great lion|
|Munaid||Murchadh||Muireadhach||Munadius||Murdoch, Muir||Chief's Son|
|Nectonius||MacNaughton, Neptune Henderson, MacKendrick||Neptune
(God of the Sea)
|Ocelfa||Uhel||Uhel||Uchel fandur||Àrdfaiche||Excelfaex||Ogilvie||High plain|
|Pict Parson||Mab-Pronter||Beleg||Muireach||Ministear||Filius-Sacerdos||MacPherson||Parson's Son|
|Per||Kerrek||Per||Pedr||Peadar||Petrie||Peter, Patterson||Rock (in Latin)|
|Peran||Bleydhyowynk||Peran||Cwny||Cunie, Conan||Peranus||Conan||Young wolf|
|Prenan||Dunbleyn||Dunbar||Caerpwynt||Crinan||Castellum-punctum||Dunbar||Fort on the point|
|Pict monk||Gwas-Krist||Gwas-Crist||Gille-Christ||Famulus-Christ||Gilchrist, MacMillan||Servant of Christ|
|Pict monk||Gwas-Iosa||Gwas-Iosa||Gille-Iosa||Famulus-Iosa||Gillies, Gill, Giles||Servant of Jesus|
|Pict Abbot||Mab-Abad||Mab-Abad||Macaba||Abbas||MacNab||Abbot's son|
|Pict Vicar||Mab-Managh||Mab-Mynach||MacArbha||Filius-Sacerdos||MacVicar||Vicar's son|
|Riwal||Rewlell||Riwal||Raethwr||Bhatair||Rector||Walter, Wally||Head of the army|
|Rodri||Galoesek||Rodri||Bosdail||Validus||Roderick, Rodney||Famous power|
|Uuib||Rewlell||Herr||Iau, Harry||MacEanruig||Iuppiter||Jupiter, Henry||Ruler of the Gods|
|Uleo||Gortheren||Iltud||Iwl||Iuleus||Julius, Jules||Julius (Caesar)|
|Uoret||Flour||Uuoret||Perffaith||Foirfe, Fiorghlan||Emendataus||Gideon, Beldivere||Perfect|
|Uudrost||Tristan||Drystan||Tristan||Tritonius||Triton||Son of Poseidon|
Eobhuin Uailean, Fynn,
Baughan, Boughan, Ualan, Ulick, Owen, Fionn, Finnegan, Fiona, Finella, Ella
MacKinnon, Findlay, Fen
|Healthy, Fair, Comely|
|Uerb||Rydhen||Ferib||Fer||Erc, Ercan Erip, Diarmid||Verus||Earp,
|Uurad||Kresner||Uuoret||Feradach, Ryder||Ferath, Forsyth
|Placid us||Forsyth, Roderick, Rodney||Man of peace|
Note: Those names in blue
are of Celtic origin. Those in purple
are of Latin origin. Those in red
are of Norse origin. Those in green
are of Hebrew origin. Those in brown
are of Greek origin. The similarities between Celtic and Spanish is due
to Celtic words influencing the newer Spanish language. Those names in navy
are of Greek origin.
Note: Only classical Latin is used here. Later derivatives such as neo-classical Latin of the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine), and Italian are not listed; eg. Columbus (Latin) = Columba (neo-classical Latin = Colombo (Italian). Names in black are of unknown origin. Names in brackets are the way they were pronounced.
Explanation of lineages:
Pict monks - Finghon went to Rome to ask Pope Celestine to permit Pict monks to marry and father children to offset a decrease in the Pict population in areas such as Glen Dochart. The Pope agreed. So, several Pict clans arose from this arrangement, including - MacPherson, MacVicar, MacNab, Gilchrist, MacKinnon, MacAulay, MacGregor and Grant. Fingon's brother, Guiaire, was the founder of the Clan MacQuarrie. Originally there were never any Pict names that began with the letter "F", so "Fingon" was a Scottish- Gaelic name that was used by a Pict. As the Scots became more and more influential in Pict circles, Gaelic names became popular among the Picts.
At least one Pict family went against the trend and proudly took the name of their race - in P Celtic: Prydyn. With no embellishments in Gaelic, they still bear the name that Pryden sounds like when spoken by a Celt: - Brydon.
Regarding Talorggan being the Pict translation of the Welsh, Talogrwydd from the Viking thunder god, Thor. One might be skeptical of this. However, when one checks the French pronunciation of THOR, it becomes TARO. The Picts, being a Germanic race similar to the Franks, did not exhale when giving voice to the "H" as we do in English. They merely pronounced a TH as TA. It was only a small step to add a conjunctive letter, "L" in the middle, and a Celtic "G" at the end of the word to give it a proper Pict sound. That is how it became Talorggan. A word that is similar in pronunciation is Galore.
* The Clan Gregor was universally recognized as the senior branch of the descendents of the Pict establishment. This was partly due to their claim (similar to the MacKinnons) to have descended from Fingon, the grandson of King Grig (Gregor). The name "Gregor" was proscribed by King James VI, and could not be used either as a surname nor as a first name for anyone in Scotland. There are now many family names that are descended from that Clan. Here are some of those names in alphabetical order:
Alpin, Alpine, Argyl, Arrowsmith, Bain, Balfour, Beachley, Begland, Bennett, Black, Bower, Bowers, Bowmaker, Brewer, Brimer, Caird, Card, Cart, Carter, Callander, Callum, Campbell, Clark, Coleman, Comrie, Craigdallie, Crerar, Crowther, Cunningham, Dennison, Denson, Dochart, Docharty, Docherty, Dougalson, Douglas, Dowie, Drummond, Erskine, Fergusson, Fisher, Fletcher, Gair, Geuer, Giles, Goodlad, Goodsir, Gordon, Gragg, Graham, Grant, Grear, Greear, Greer, Greig, Gregg, Greir, Gregor, Gregorson, Gregory, Gregson, Grewar, Grey, Greyson, Grier, Greason, Greerson, Greirson, Grierson, Griesck, Grigg, Grigor, Gruer, Gudger, Guiness, Johnson, Johnston, Johnstone, King, Kirkpatrick, Kirkwood, Lackey, Laikie, Landel, Landless, Leckie, Lecky, Livingston, Livingstone, MacAlastair, MacAdam, MacAdams, MacAinsh, MacAlaster, MacAldowie, MacAldowie, MacAlester, MacAlpin, MacAlpine, MacAndrew, MacAngus, MacAnish, MacAra, MacAree, MacAulay, MacCainsh, MacCance, MacCansh, MacChoiter, MacConachie, MacCondach, MacCondochie, MacConnochi, MacCruiter, MacCrouther, MacCrowther, MacDougal, MacDougall, MacEan, MacEwen, MacGeach, MacGehee, MacGrew, MacGrewar, MacGrigor, MacGrory, MacGrouther, MacGrowther, MacGruder, MacGruer, MacGrumen, MacGruther, MacIldowie, Macildny, MacIlduff, MacIlduy, MacInnes, MacInstalker, MacIntyre, MacIver, MacIvor, MacKinnon, MacLeister, MacLiver, MacNab, MacNay, MacNea, MacNee, MacNeice, MacNeish, MacNess, MacNey, MacNie, MacNiesh, MacNish, MacNocaird, MacNucator, MacPeter, MacPetrie, MacStay, MacVie, MacWilliam, Magian, MacGrew, McAlpine, McDougal, McEwan, McGee, McGehee, McGreer, McGrier, MaGruder, McIan, McIain, McLaren, McNeil, McNicol, McWilliam, Malloch, Menzies, Murray, Neilson, Neish, Nelson, Nice, Nish, Nucator, O'Greer, Orr, Paterson, Patterson, Pattullo, Peat, Peter, Peterkin, Peters, Peterson, Petrie, Ramsay, Robertson, Roy, Royal, Shankland, Sinclair, Skinner, Stalker, Stewart, Stirling, Stringer, Stuart, Tainsh, Tossack, Walker, Weliver, White, Whyte, Wilcox, Willox, Wilson.